Hypothyroidism is primarily due to a dysfunction of the thyroid gland itself. In most cases when someone suffers from hypothyroidism there is an impairment of the thyroid gland, which causes it to produce too little thyroid hormone,specifically thyroxine. If you have hypothyroidism, with a little know-how you can start taking control of your condition and reclaim your health. Within a short while you can start looking and feeling better.
The Thyroid Gland and Hypothyroidism!
The thyroid gland is stimulated by the pituitary gland to produce hormones like thyroxine (T4 ). The thyroid makes four hormones: Thyroxin (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), diiodothyronine (T2) and monoiodothyronine (T1). All of these hormones contain iodine, and the figures relate to the number of iodine atoms in each hormone molecule. T3 is not made directly, but is produced from T4. This conversion is important as T3 is a more efficient hormone.
The thyroid takes in iodine and combines it with tyrosine, an amino acid, that then converts it into the hormones T3 and T4. If your thyroid is normal, 80% will be T4 and 20% T3. Both of these hormones travel through the bloodstream, converting calories and oxygen into energy. If this process doesn’t work properly, then the calories and oxygen cannot convert the energy properly and you have your immune system disorder.
Thyroxine determines how quickly nutrients are converted into energy and how efficiently food is burned within the body. In this way the thyroid hormones control the body’s metabolic rate and any dysfunction to this gland can affect every organ in the body.
When the thyroid is under-active it creates a general depression of many of the cellular systems and oxidative processes in the body that are needed for energy production. This can cause a decrease of the metabolic activities in the cells. Metabolic wastes can then filtrate into the organs, causing them to become sluggish. Thyroxine determines how efficiently food is burned within the body and how quickly nutrients are converted into energy.
There are several symptoms, which taken together can indicate an under active thyroid. As the thyroid influences every system in your body the potential list of symptoms can be enormous. The most common indicators are unexplained fatigue, depression, poor memory, lowered immune function, reduced libido, mental confusion,weight gain, moodiness, constipation, sensitivity to cold, clumsiness, brittle hair and nails and many more. An under active thyroid can undermine your whole life.
The Immune system
The thyroid plays a pivotal role in keeping your immune system intact. Your Immune system is affected if your thyroid gland is under or over active. If your thyroid levels are low, you will notice a lowering of your immune system. If your immune system becomes over or under active, you could develop diabetes, cancer, arthritis, allergies, bronchitis, tuberculosis and a host of immune system related conditions.
Although Hypothyroidism is incurable, symptom relief can be achieved, and you can go a long way to overcoming your fatigue and depression and losing unwanted weight gain.
When we come to treating hypothyroidism, there are two main avenues.
The standard medical treatment for hypothyroidism usually consists of of a prescription for thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine(T3).
Your hypothyroid symptoms can be greatly relieved through a strict adherence to the Mediterranean diet. And there are a number very powerful supplements which have been proven to have a very beneficial effect on the thyroid.